Myopia Onset during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Global Public Health Concern

Authors

  • Saif Ullah PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi
  • Mutahir Shah KRL Hospital Islamabad
  • Sadaf Qayyum PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi
  • Sufian Ali Khan Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad
  • Maryam Firdous PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi

Keywords:

COVID-19, Children, Log MAR, Myopia

Abstract

Aim: To determine the onset of myopia among age groups 4 to 24 years visiting a tertiary care hospital.

Study Design: Cross Sectional Study.

Duration and Settings of the Study: Department of ophthalmology Avicenna Medical Complex Islamabad. Study duration was 15 months from 1 April 2020 to 31 July 2021.

Methods: Participants were enrolled using consecutive sampling techniques. Sample size was calculated on time based concept. Those who fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Myopia onset was defined as participants with Spherical Equivalent Refraction of at least -0.50DS or more on second follow-up after six month period. Ophthalmic examinations like visual acuity were done with LogMAR (Bailey Lovie Chart panel 53x60cm) and refractive status was evaluated using Retinoscopy on first visit and follow-up visit scheduled after six months of first visit for each participant. Cycloplegic refraction with Cyclopentolate 1% were performed when needed.

Results: A total of 420 subjects, including 52.62% female and 47.16% male. Pre-pandemic refractive status of all participants was 0 on first follow-up, and on second follow-up the magnitude of myopia -1.23±0.69DS. Likewise the mean corrected Visual acuity was 0.0 LogMAR (6/6) on second follow-up, while the mean uncorrected Visual acuity was 0.02 LogMAR. Statistically significant differences were observed with a CI level of 95% between the pre and post-pandemic refractive status of groups.

Conclusion: Myopia onset were acerbated by global pandemic Covid-19 and lockdown. Also the high magnitude of up to -3.50DS were observed on just 6 to 8 month follow-up which is alarming.

Author Biographies

Saif Ullah, PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi

Assistant Professor Optometry

Mutahir Shah, KRL Hospital Islamabad

Senior Optometrist:  Department of Opthalmology 

Sadaf Qayyum, PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi

Senior Lecturer Optometry

Sufian Ali Khan, Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad

PMO/HOD Ophthalmology KRL Hospital Islamabad

Maryam Firdous, PIO Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi

Senior Lecturer Optometry

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Published

05-01-2024

How to Cite

Saif Ullah, Mutahir Shah, Sadaf Qayyum, Sufian Ali Khan, & Maryam Firdous. (2024). Myopia Onset during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Global Public Health Concern. Journal of Clinical and Community Ophthalmology, 2(01), 7–12. Retrieved from https://jcco.pico.org.pk/index.php/jcco/article/view/47

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Section

Original Article