Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor it is submitted before to another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Credits for illustrations and figures have been provided.
  • The authors' declaration form is filled out and duly signed by all the authors. This form must be submitted along with the manuscript.
  • The ethical approval certificate (where applicable) is available, and is submitted along with the manuscript.
  • The author(s) agree that the editorial changes may be made as necessary at the editor’s discretion.

Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

1.    Introduction

Journal of Clinical and Community Ophthalmology (JCCO) is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal published in print and online biannually (six-monthly). The audience of JCCO includes ophthalmologists, optometrists, vision scientists, and other health care professionals and researchers interested in eye and vision.  JCCO is sponsored by the Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology. 

2.    Aim & Scope of the Journal

JCCO is a comprehensive journal on ophthalmology and vision sciences accepting contributions in English from all over the world. JCCO aims to establish a leading ophthalmology and vision sciences journal in the world and to provide a platform for ophthalmologists, optometrists, and vision scientists.

3.    Manuscript Types

JCCO is accepting submissions in the form of original articles (basic research and clinical research), case reports, review articles, systematic reviews, letters to the editor, and opinions in all fields related to eye and vision. Submissions must be original contributions neither previously published nor currently under consideration for publication elsewhere in any format (paper or electronic formats) and language.

4.    Editorial and Peer Review Policies

All manuscripts submitted for publication in JCCO are subjected to double-blind peer-review and editorial approval before being accepted for publication. Authors can suggest suitable independent reviewers in the cover letter, specialized in the relevant field, but the editor's decision regarding the selection of referees is final. The peer-review process is confidential and conducted anonymously. Outcomes of the review process include acceptance, acceptance with revisions but without re-review, revision, and resubmit or rejection. The results of the review process will be intimated to the corresponding author within 2 to 4 months of submission.

5.    Ethical Consideration

For all manuscripts reporting data from studies involving human participants or animals, approval of the research from the institute research and ethical committee or an appropriate institutional review board is required. The principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki must be followed. The author must state in the Methods section the manner (written/verbal) in which informed consent was obtained.

6.    Authorship

Once the manuscript is accepted for publication by JCCO, the corresponding author is responsible for submitting immediately a copyright transfer agreement signed by all the authors. The author's declaration form should be duly filled and signed by all authors and should be submitted as a separate file with the manuscript. The corresponding author must carefully check that only those who contributed to the research work should be acknowledged as contributing authors. JCCO follows authorship guidelines provided by ICMJE, according to which, the contributing authors are those who:

  • Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data, AND
  • Drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Gave final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

There is no limit on the number of authors for a report of research (provided the authorship criteria are met. It is not permissible to use a gift or honorary authorship. A Gift/honorary author is someone who is identified as an author but does not meet the requirements for authorship, as well as someone whose name has been included without consent, but for acknowledgment. Any modifications to authorship (such as adding or removing authors, or changing the order of authors in the byline) must be satisfactorily justified and a written statement from the corresponding author should be sent, showing that all co-authors have agreed to the change in authorship. The authors are responsible for ensuring agreement among all contributors. JCCO and its editors are not responsible for evaluating, mediating, or settling author conflicts between the authors.

In case of significant disagreement among authors about a manuscript under consideration, JCCO will put the manuscript evaluation on hold until the disagreements are resolved satisfactorily among all authors and the journal obtains documentary evidence from all authors demonstrating that the disagreements have been resolved satisfactorily.

Once the manuscript is submitted for publication by JCCO, the corresponding author is responsible for submitting immediately a Copyright Transfer Agreement signed by all the authors.

Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

7.    Conflict of Interest

All authors listed in the manuscript are required to declare a conflict of interest such as relevant financial interests, relationships, and affiliations during the submission process. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to get a signed conflict of interest form from each author. Authors without conflicts of interest should indicate that they have no conflicts of interest. For example:

Conflicts of Interest: Jan H, None; Shah A, None, and so on.

8.    Preparing Manuscript

Original Article: The acceptable manuscript file format is Microsoft Word. The text should be double-spaced. The manuscript document should be sent in three separate files; Cover Letter, Title Page, and Main manuscript (it includes Structured Abstract, Keywords, Text, Figures/Tables, Acknowledgments, and References) and should be organized as follows:

  1. Cover Letter (optional): It should be submitted as a separate document.
  2. Title Page: It should preferably be submitted as a separate document.
  3. Structured Abstract: a 300-word limit
  4. Keywords
  5. Text
  6. Figures, Tables
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Author(s)' Contributions
  9. References

Beginning with the title page, the manuscript file should include page numbers and each of these sections should start on a new page.

1. Cover Letter (optional):  A cover letter may be submitted as a separate file with each manuscript by the corresponding author. The author(s) must clearly explain the scope of the research. The cover letter should not be more than 200 words and must include the address, mobile/contact number, and email address of the corresponding author. The authors can suggest two independent reviewers here but the editorial office has the right to accept or reject the suggested reviewers.

2. Title page: The title page is the first page of the manuscript. It should be in Microsoft Word (doc/docx.) format and preferably be submitted as a separate file during article submission. On the title page, the author must indicate the following:

  1. Title: The title must be short (≤14 notional words) and should not be more than 160 characters, including punctuation and spaces. The title should not contain any abbreviation. The title should be comprehensive containing major keywords related to the content of the manuscript.
  2. Running Title (optional): A short running title of fewer than 70 characters
  3. Name of Author(s): Full name, qualifications, designations, and affiliations of all authors. Full contact details including the present address, email, and mobile/contact number of the corresponding author should be given separately on the title page. Only one author amongst all authors should be a corresponding author.
  4. Authors’ affiliations: The authors' institutional/departmental affiliations where they work and the place/institute where research work was carried out.
  5. Declaration of Funding: Funding or sources of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, etc related to the research.
  6. Declaration of conflict of interest statement: All authors.

3. Structured Abstract: A structured abstract of not more than 300 words is required for all manuscripts. An abstract should present a concise summary of the whole manuscript with important data. The abstract should not contain citations. The structured abstract should be arranged under the following headings:     

  1. Aim(s):
  2. Study Design:
  3. Duration and Settings of the study:
  4. Methods:
  5. Results:
  6. Conclusion(s):

4. Keywords: Three to five keywords that reflect the content of the study should be provided after the abstract. Keywords should be from the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) database. For details check https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/.

5. Text of the manuscript: JCCO recommends a 3,500 or fewer word count, excluding the title page, abstract, legends, and references. The main text of the manuscript should be structured into the following sections:   

  1. Introduction: Do not use subheadings. In a brief introduction provide the rationale and objectives of the research and any major hypothesis that was tested. The introduction should not be more than five paragraphs.
  2. Methods: The methods section should start from the study design. Subjects used, the instruments, questionnaire, materials, techniques, tools, equipment, outcome variables, and procedures followed should be included. Statistical methods applied must be clearly mentioned.
  3. Results: The results including data, effects, and outcomes should be included. The statistical significance should be presented where needed. Results mentioned in the tables should not be repeated in text and vice versa.
  4. Discussion: Limit the discussion section to key findings of the study data and their limitations. Correlate/compare with other studies. Do not repeat the results in the discussion section.
  5. Conclusion: The conclusion must be justified by the key findings of the results.

6. Tables, Figures, Artwork, and other graphics: All tables should be in Microsoft Word format and placed in the main text where the table is first referenced. Avoid large tables that cannot fit on one page or simplify the table to fit onto one page. Each table should be self-explanatory and the data presented in the table should not be repeated in the text. Each table should have a brief and meaningful title. Tables should be numbered as 1, 2, 3, and so on. All abbreviations within the table should be explained in a footnote to the corresponding table. Each figure should be embedded in the main text where the figure is referenced first. Figures should be numbered separately from tables as 1, 2, 3, and so on. Data presented in figures should not be repeated in the text. Images should be of good quality and each image should be less than 2 MB in size. Images can be submitted as JPEG (preferable) or TIFF files. Legends for each figure/image should be included at the end of the article. For the original article, a total of four tables or figures are permitted.

7. Acknowledgments: Contributions from individuals who provided any support but do not meet the criteria for authorship of the manuscript should be listed in the acknowledge section. Permission/consent from the contributor is mandatory. Financial and material support should also be mentioned.

8. Author(s)' Contributions: The contribution of each author should be mentioned here. JCCO follows authorship guidelines provided by ICMJE, and each author should meet the following criteria:

  • Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data, AND
  • Drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Gave final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

9. References: It is recommended for authors to cite works that have been published within the last ten years, with at least 30% of those works coming from the last five years. There should be 15-20 references for an original article. JCCO accepts Vancouver's style of reference. The list of references should be numerically by order of citation in the text or tables shown as superscript numbers. JCCO does not accept unpublished data as bibliographic references.

  1. References to journal articles should be in the following order: (1) author(s) name (if there are more than six, write "et al." after the sixth name), (2) title of the article, (3) abbreviated journal name (as abbreviated in Index Medicus), (4) year of publication, (5) volume number, (6) issue number, and (7) page numbers.
  2. References to books should include (1) author(s) name, (2) chapter title (if any), (3) editor(s) name (if any), (4) title of the book, (5) city/country of publication, (6) publisher, (7) year of publication, and (8) inclusive page numbers.

Examples

Journals

Sun J, Zhou J, Zhao P, Lian J, Zhu H, Zhou Y, et al. High prevalence of myopia and high myopia in 5060 Chinese university students in Shanghai. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(12):7504-9.

Books (Printed)

An entire book: Authors’ surnames and initials. Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year. E.g.

Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541p.

Chapter in a book: Authors’ surnames and initials. Chapter Title. Surname and initials of book authors or editors (or translator, if any). Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year. Page number.

e.g., Bye L, Modi N, Stanford M. Anatomy. Basic Sciences for Ophthalmology. UK: Oxford University Press; 2013:1-10.

Books (Online/electronic)

Authors’ surnames and initials. Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year; available from: URL;Date of access.

Web page/website

Author/Editor (use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named);  Title; Available from: URL; Date of access

Case Reports: Must be academically and educationally valuable, as well as provide context for the unusual sickness being reported. A case report should have a maximum word count of 1500 words and at least three keywords. It should have a title page, non-structured abstract (maximum 300 words), and main text. The main text should be under the following headings; introduction, case report, and discussion. There should be no more than 5 references and a maximum of two figures and one table.

Review Article: The topic of the review article must be within the scope of this journal. This category belongs to narrative reviews on topics of interest. A review article should have a maximum word count of 4000 words and at least five keywords. It should have a title page, a non-structured abstract (maximum 300 words), and a main text. These should be submitted as three separate files and no more than 50 references.

Systematic Review: Systematic reviews with and without meta-analyses are published in this journal. While submitting the manuscript, the authors must follow the PRISMA guidelines and should include the PRISMA flowchart in the manuscript while reporting their work. A systematic review should have a maximum word count of 4000 words and at least five keywords. It should have a title page, a non-structured abstract (maximum 300 words), and a main text. These should be submitted as three separate files and no more than 50 references.

Letter to Editor: The authors can write to the editor about previously published articles in this journal. It should not exceed the 400-word limit and should be concise and in a polite manner. A maximum of 5 references will be allowed in this category.

Opinion: Opinion articles are often used to discuss current issues, debates, trends, or emerging concepts in the medical field and they must be academically and educationally valuable. These articles are generally subjective and may involve the author's interpretation of existing evidence, personal experiences, or reflections on a specific subject. They provide a platform for experts and professionals in the medical community to share their insights, critique existing practices, propose new ideas, or highlight areas that may require further research or attention. An opinion article should have a maximum word count of 2000 words and at least three keywords. It should have a title page, a non-structured abstract (maximum 300 words), and a main text that includes an introduction, discussion, and conclusion(s). There should be at least 5 references and a maximum of two figures and one table.

Editorials: Are upon invitation.

 

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